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Specify patch files to be applied for a port; list modifiers specify patchfiles to be added or removed from a previous patchfile declaration.

Main arguments to patch. MacPorts base sets some important default configure options, so should use the -append version of most configure keywords so you don't overwrite them. For example, MacPorts base sets default configure. Sets if the configure phase should be run. Can be used if the port has no. Set environment variables for configure; list modifiers add and delete items from a previous Portfile configure.

If available, it is encouraged to use the predefined options like configure. Set optimization compiler flags; list modifiers add or delete items from a previous Portfile configure. Select a compiler suite to fill the compiler environment variables. Manually set variables are not overwritten. Keep in mind that not all compiler suites might be available on your platform: gcc Default: llvm-gcc Values: gcc Main arguments to configure.

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There is a default universal variant made available to all ports by MacPorts base, so redefining universal keywords should only be done to make a given port compile if the default options fail to do so. Only use it if you can't use build. Default: default the default Make on the current platform. Values: default bsd gnu xcode.

Set environment variables for build; list modifiers add and delete items from a previous Portfile build. This keyword is for specifying whether or not it is safe for a port to use multiple CPUs or multiple cores in parallel during its build phase.

The number of simultaneous jobs to run when parallel build is enabled. The default value is based on the variable buildmakejobs in macports. Default: If buildmakejobs is 0, the number of CPU cores in the machine, or the number of GB of physical memory plus one, whichever is less. Main arguments to test. Set environment variables for test; list modifiers add and delete items from a previous Portfile test.

A port must destroot properly or the port will not install correctly, upgrade, or uninstall. If not, you may need to set this variable, or even patch the application's Makefile. If a port is not compliant with the standard, set it to yes. You can find the macports standard in MacPorts File Hierarchy or in the porthier 7 man page. If destroot. Use port contents portname to see the location for all files that were installed by a given port.

The keywords used when specifying dependencies in a Portfile are related to port install phases, and they refer to what are called library, build, fetch, extract and run dependencies. Though all of them install dependencies before a given port is installed, specifying dependencies with the correct keyword is important for proper port upgrade and uninstall behavior, or when running targets other than install.

For example, you may not uninstall a port that is a library dependency for another installed port, though you may remove one that is a build dependency. Likewise, if you run the fetch target for a port, only the fetch dependencies will be installed first, so they should be all that is needed for that target.

The list of dependencies to check before phases fetch , checksum , extract , patch , configure , build , destroot , install , and package. Fetch dependencies are needed to download the distfiles for a port, and are not needed at all once the software is installed. The list of dependencies to check before phases extract , patch , configure , build , destroot , install , and package. Extract dependencies are needed to unpack a port's distfiles into the work directory, and are not needed at all once the software is installed.

The list of dependencies to check before phases configure , build , destroot , install , and package. Build dependencies are needed when software is being built, but not needed at all once it is installed.

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Library dependencies are needed both at build time for headers and libraries to link against and at run time. The list of dependencies to check before phase test. Test dependencies are only needed when the port enables testing i. The list of dependencies to check before phases destroot , install , and package.

Run dependencies are needed when the software is run, but not to compile it. There are two types of dependencies: port dependencies and file dependencies. Port dependencies can be satisfied by reference to a port the MacPorts registry is queried , or by reference to a file whether provided by a port or not.

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The most commonly-used type of dependencies in Portfiles are port dependencies, because dependencies should be provided by MacPorts ported software whenever possible, and usually only one port can provide the needed libraries and files. But when satisfying a dependency with vendor-supplied software is preferred for special reasons, or when it is possible for more than one port to satisfy a dependency, then file dependencies may be used.

File dependencies should only be used if one of the reasons listed above applies. There are three types: bin for programs, lib for libraries, and path for any installed file. See the examples below:. MacPorts variants are conditional modifications of port installation behavior during port installation.

There are two types of variants: user-selected variants and platform variants. User-selected variants are options selected by a user when a port is installed; platform variants are selected automatically by MacPorts base according to the OS or hardware platform darwin, freebsd, linux, i, powerpc, etc. User-selected variants are those that are defined so a user can invoke them to enable port options at install time. Variant names may contain only letters, numbers and underscore characters.

In particular, the hyphen is not a valid character in variant names because it would conflict with the notation for deselecting a variant. The variant declaration may contain any keywords that can be placed in a Portfile's global section. Dependencies and conflicts with other variants in the same port can be expressed with requires and conflicts options as shown below.

This allows for Portfile modularity and also allows users to suppress default variants if they wish. When using MacPorts on macOS, a universal variant is defined by default to configure ports with universal flags. The variant can be overridden if the default code does not work see the Configure Universal section above , or suppressed if a universal variant does not function properly for a given port. User-selected variants ought to provide a description, which will be displayed when using command port variants foo. The syntax used for the description keyword is shown below.

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Descriptions should be short but clear, and not merely repeat the name of the variant. To allow for compatibility for possible MacPorts GUI support, a good rule of thumb is to use sentence fragments for brevity, with a capitalized first letter and no trailing punctuation. Think of them as short labels such as ones you'd find next to a GUI checkbox or radio button. Platform variants are either defined by default in MacPorts base, or defined by a port author to customize a port's installation according to OS operating system or hardware platform.

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MacPorts allows platform-specific port options to be specified in a Portfile for handling differences between platforms and versions of the same platform. Though a combination of OS version and hardware platform may be specified in a single platform statement e. For example, to select Darwin versions 9 and 10 while excluding all others, you would need two statements: platform darwin 9 and platform darwin Alternately, you could make that behavior the port's default, and add a platform darwin 8 block to remove it again. A MacPorts Portfile is a Tcl script, so it may contain any arbitrary Tcl code you may learn about in the Tcl documentation.

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However, few authors will use arbitrary Tcl code; the vast majority will use a subset of Tcl commands and a number of Tcl extensions that are coded within MacPorts for performing the most common tasks needed for Portfiles. The list below is a list of useful Tcl commands for Portfile development and Tcl extensions provided by MacPorts base. The standard Tcl file command can be used for a number of operations on files, such as moving, renaming, deleting, or creating directories, among others.

For a complete list, consult the Tcl reference manual for the file command , or the Tcl file manpage in the n section of manpages on your machine using man n file. Remove a file or with -force a directory and its contents. For the above operations provided by Tcl's file command, MacPorts provides the following shorthands. These should be used in preference to the Tcl commands above, as they may work around certain bugs.

Similar to file rename but correctly handles renames that only change the case of a file on a case-insensitive filesystem. Change to dir and install file s to a destination directory. Install the file s matching the glob pattern to a destination directory.

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It supports a small subset of the commands known from sed 1. Replaces the first instance of regex with replacement.

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The same as the previous format, except all instances of the pattern will be replaced, not only the first mnemonic: 'g' is for global. Allows text specified by a regular expression to be replaced by new text, in-place the file will be updated itself, no need to place output into a new file and rename. Replace text given by the regular expression portion of the command with the replacement text, in all files specified.

Use -locale to set the locale. If you need it to work on non-ASCII characters you need to set a locale with the correct charset for the file, e.